Search for:
Jules Tunnel

Fostering Empathy for Children with Down Syndrome

W. Scott Westerman, III

Empathy is a vital life skill that helps us connect with others and build meaningful relationships. It is a valuable skill for all ages, especially for children with special needs. Let’s explore the significance of empathy, discuss insights into understanding Down syndrome within the context of empathy, and offer practical tips on how to foster empathy in children towards their peers with Down syndrome. This post does not provide all-inclusive solutions. My goal is to inspire more thoughtful research to help you create your own strategies for building deeper and more meaningful relationships.

The Power of Empathy: Empathy, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others, is a skill that can be nurtured from a young age. It goes beyond just feeling sorry for someone; it’s about truly comprehending their experiences and emotions. In a study published in the journal Emotion, researchers found that empathy plays a fundamental role in forming positive relationships and enhancing social interactions [1]. Moreover, in the context of children with Down syndrome, empathy can be a catalyst for inclusive and supportive communities.

Individuality and Down Syndrome: When you hear the words “Down syndrome” applied to a human being, it’s easy to make snap judgements about who they are. Just as words like, “American,” “Short,” or “Smart” bring images to mind that may not reflect a person’s reality, it’s crucial to remember that each individual with Down syndrome is unique, with their own strengths and challenges [2]. Acknowledging this individuality is the first step in building empathy.

Practical Tips for Fostering Empathy:

  1. Education and Awareness: Start by educating children about Down syndrome. Read age-appropriate books, watch documentaries, or use resources like the National Down Syndrome Society’s website to help articulate information about the condition in a way that connects with your audience [3]. Knowledge is the foundation of empathy.
  2. Model Empathetic Behavior: Children often learn by example. Model the behavior you expect. Show them how to interact with empathy and kindness in your own interactions with individuals with Down syndrome or anyone else who may be perceived as different.
  3. Inclusive Playdates: We learn when we play. Playdates and social interactions with children who have Down syndrome go a long way to fostering understanding, communication and friendship. It’s a fantastic way to promote empathy in a comfortable setting.
  4. Teach Communication Skills: Empathy is closely tied to effective communication. Teach your child to ask questions, listen actively, and engage in conversations with their peers who have Down syndrome. This can be challenging, especially if it is harder to understand speech patterns. In time, we “learn the language,” and can build strong two-way communication skills that have universal value.
  5. Promote Acts of Kindness: Kindness is highest form of wisdom. Encourage small acts of kindness, like helping a peer with their schoolwork or inviting them to join in a game or activity. It fosters empathy and a sense of belonging [4].
  6. Respect Personal Boundaries: Learning about boundaries is an awareness valuable to everyone. Teach children to respect personal boundaries, emphasizing that it’s important to treat all individuals, regardless of their abilities, with dignity and respect.

Fostering empathy in children towards their peers with Down syndrome can be an important part of a wonderful journey of understanding and inclusion. By educating children about the condition, modeling empathetic behavior, and encouraging inclusive interactions, we can help create a more compassionate and supportive society where every child, regardless of their abilities, can thrive.

Remember, empathy is not just a skill; it’s a gift that enriches our lives and the lives of everyone around us.


  1. Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2006). A social neuroscience perspective on empathy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(2), 54-58.
  2. National Down Syndrome Society. (n.d.). What Is Down Syndrome?
  3. National Down Syndrome Society. (n.d.). Resources.
  4. Reeve, A., Dunlap, G., & Halle, J. W. (2009). Supporting children with Down syndrome in inclusive settings. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 31(1), 63-83.